Auckland

New Zealand

History

Auckland was founded in 1840 as the capital of New Zealand, then a british settlement. In 1865, the capital was transferred to Wellington.


Auckland bay


The town, holding several extinct volcanoes within the city limits, is a maritime and military harbor, a fishing centre and a commercial and industrial place.


The Auckland bay c. 1950
© National Library of New Zealand (4b) N 1/2 068214
The main attractions are the City ArtGallery, the Maori museum, the Museum of Transportation and Technology and the Parnell rosery. It holds the main airport of New Zealand.


Queen Street in 1935 © Hulton Getty N HQ 4595


The city also houses the University (1882) and the Technical Institute of Auckland (1964) and groups 960.000 inhabitants.


The harbor of Auckland at the beginning of the XXth century
© National Library of New Zealand (4b) N 1/2 002201

The harbor of Auckland at the beginning of the XXth century
© National Library of New Zealand (4b) N 1/2 002199


The Pamir put there in 1938 under finnish flag and then in 1948, after hand back to Finland.


Auckland harbor c. 1910
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 001200


Queen Warf c. 1905
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N PAColl 6001-56

Auckland harbor in 1927
© Hulton Getty N HP 7759



From the Arcade tower c. 1900
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 043083

The harbor c. 1900
© S. Lib. of Victoria (3) N 760169


Shortland St. from the Arcade tower
c. 1880 © Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 040415

The bus station in 1950
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N PAColl 5936-07


Royal Theatre c. 1880
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 002570

Ferry Building c. 1930
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 090792


Leys Institute c. 1906
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/1 002935

Government house c. 1890
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 018377


The station c. 1930
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 071820

Queen Street c. 1930
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 071821


University c. 1910
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/1 002884

Queen Street in 1935
© Hulton Getty N HQ 4595



The bay in 1962 (1)

Customs c. 1901
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N PAColl 5427


Queen St. & Victoria St. c. 1883
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N 1/2 021640

The Civic Theatre c. 1940
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N PAColl 3060-01

Queen Street c. 1940
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N MNZ 2178 1-2

Catholic church St Patrick c. 1940
© Nat. Lib. NZ (4b) N PAColl 3060-02

The Selwin library © (2)

Wooden house (2)

Bishop's palace © (2)

The cathedral © (2)

Parnell Street © (2)

Photos


Entering the harbor
02/02/1938 © (4) 1/2 C23201

The Pamir from the Daldy
23/01/1938 © NZ Maritime Museum

Unloading guano
23/01/1938 © J. Churchouse

Entering the Calliope dock
Fevrier 1938 © J. Churchouse

References

(1) National Geographic Magazine

(2) Planetware

(3) State Library of Victoria

(4) Alexander Turnbull Library, in National Library of New Zealand

(4b) National Library of New Zealand

Wellington

The voyages of the Pamir

The harbors of the Pamir

The Pamir