Iquique, as well as Antofagasta, has been the main export base for the chilean nitrate at the turn of the century.
In the years 1890, numerous ships took this route: they could be one hundred loading at Iquique...
In 1907, the nitrate miners rebelled against the poor working conditions.
18000 miners and their families walked toward the port of Santa Maria de Iquique. The 21 december, the army shoot the camp and killed 2000 miners and injured many others. This incident marks the starting point of organised strikes in Chile.
The artificial nitrate, invented by the germans during the first World War, became a serious competitor of the chilean nitrate.
The last nitrate clipper loaded and left with no return.
Iquique is now an ordinary... beach and seaside resort.
The chilean nitrate
The voyages of the Pamir
The harbours of the Pamir